Paine, Thomas

Paine, Thomas
(1737-1809)
   Political and anti-Christian writer, s. of a stay-maker and small farmer of Quaker principles at Thetford, became with large classes perhaps the most unpopular man in England. After trying various occupations, including those of schoolmaster and exciseman, and having separated from his wife, he went in 1774 to America where, in 1776, he pub. his famous pamphlet, Common Sense, in favour of American independence. He served in the American army, and also held some political posts, including that of sec. to a mission to France in 1781. Returning to England in 1787 he pub. his Rights of Man (1790-92), in reply to Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution. It had an enormous circulation, 1,500,000 copies having been sold in England alone; but it made it necessary for him to escape to France to avoid prosecution. Arrived in that country he was elected to the National Convention. He opposed the execution of Louis XVI., and was, in 1794, imprisoned by Robespierre, whose fall saved his life. He had then just completed the first part of his Age of Reason, of which the other two appeared respectively in 1795 and 1807. It is directed alike against Christianity and Atheism, and supports Deism. Becoming disgusted with the course of French politics, he returned to America in 1802, but found himself largely ostracised by society there, became embroiled in various controversies, and is said to have become intemperate. He d. at New York in 1809. Though apparently sincere in his views, and courageous in the expression of them, P. was vain and prejudiced. The extraordinary lucidity and force of his style did much to gain currency for his writings.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Paine,Thomas — Paine, Thomas. 1737 1809. British born American writer and Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. In England he published The Rights of Man (1791 1792), a defense of the… …   Universalium

  • Paine, Thomas — born Jan. 29, 1737, Thetford, Norfolk, Eng. died June 8, 1809, New York, N.Y., U.S. English American writer and political pampleteer. After a series of professional failures in England, he met Benjamin Franklin, who advised him to immigrate to… …   Universalium

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737–1809)    Political Philosopher.    Paine was brought up in Thetford, England. Although he was baptised into the Church of England, his father was a member of the Society of Friends and the young Thomas was influenced by Quaker ideas. After… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Paine, Thomas — ► (1737 1809) Escritor político británico. Alentó la causa de la independencia estadounidense y defendió la Revolución francesa en su obra Los derechos del hombre. Fue miembro de la convención. Autor de La edad de la razón. * * * (29 ene. 1737,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737 1809) The pre eminent pamphleteer and radical democrat of the American Revolution. Paine was born in England and came to America in 1744. His 1776 revolutionary pamphlet Common Sense was enormously popular. In the spirit of Locke , Paine… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Paine, Thomas — (1737–1809) English political theorist and activist. Born in Thetford, Norfolk, Paine emigrated to America in 1774, where he met Franklin . His pamphlet Common Sense (1776) was the first public call for American independence. The Rights of Man… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • PAINE, Thomas — (1737 1809)    born in England of QUAKER parents, he emigrated to America in 1774 where be became a leading propagandist in the American REVOLUTION. His books, Common Sense (1776) and The Rights of Man (1791 1792), stand as passionate appeals for …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • PAINE, THOMAS —    a notorious free thinker and democrat, born in Thetford; emigrated to America, contributed, as he boasted, by his pamphlet Common Sense, to free America, by rousing it to emancipate itself from the mother country; wrote the Rights of Man… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Paine, Thomas —  (1737–1809) British born American political philosopher and pamphleteer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Paine, Thomas —    см. Пейн, Томас …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

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